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Neonicotinoids - Bees and the Environment

There is some very interesting information on bee and environmental health in a new  magazine BEENOW 2015.  

This is published by Bayer so it might be considered propaganda for the agri-chemical industry.  However it is very well presented,  wide ranging and very detailed about the condition of bee species, and honeybees in particular, worldwide. Varroa articles are very interesting.

CLICK FOR THE BEENOW  magazine 

CHRIS UTTING’S SUBMITTED ARTICLE FROM THE BBC 

Scientists say they have found the "missing link" in the debate over the risk of pesticides to bees.

French researchers say neonicotinoid pesticides harm individual honeybees, but whole colonies are able to recover in the wild.

This accounts for discrepancies between lab and field studies, they report in the Royal Society journal Proceedings. 

A Europe-wide ban on neonicotinoid use on flowering crops is due to be reviewed at the end of the year.  It was introduced two years ago.

The population inside the hive was able to compensate for the increased loss of worker honeybees by increasing brood production Dr Mickael Henry , INRA, Avignon. 

The debate over the use of neonics has centred on discrepancies between toxicity assessments in the laboratory, where bees are dosed artificially with insecticide, and the findings of field trials in the countryside. 

The big unanswered question is whether harmful effects seen in lab studies occur in real-life conditions and cause population declines. 

The new research provides an explanation for the "missing link", say French researchers.  Their monitoring of tagged honeybees in the wild suggests bees foraging around treated crops die off at a faster rate than normal.  However, colonies are able to make up for those dying off by boosting the number of worker bees in the hive.  

Lead researcher Dr Mickael Henry of the French National Institute for Agricultural Research, INRA, in Avignon, said the average life expectancy for an individual honeybee foraging on crops treated with neonics is lower than expected.  

He told BBC News: "We could find evidence of troubles at the individual scale in the field but these troubles were compensated for by the colonies.  "The population inside the hive was able to compensate for the increased loss of worker honeybees by increasing brood production."  

A field study found harmful effects on the solitary bee.

The decline of bees around the world has increased focus on neonicotinoid chemicals.  Dr Scott Hayward of the University of Birmingham, who was not connected with the study, said the work "re-ignites arguments to ban neonics", and similar studies are now needed on other pollinator species.

His comments were echoed by Dr Christopher Connolly of the University of Dundee. 

"It is important to remember that all other insect pollinators do not possess the enormous buffering capacity of honeybees and are therefore more acutely at risk to the impact of pesticides," he said.

Dr Peter Campbell of the pesticide manufacturer Syngenta said while the study raised unanswered questions "reassuringly... there were still no effects reported at the colony level".

And Dr Alan Dewar of Dewar Crop Protection Ltd, added: "The conclusions from this work, which are very simple in contrast to the study itself, show that bees, or at least honey bees, can compensate for adverse effects of pesticides in their environment."

Emergency lifting of ban

Bees are in decline in Europe and North America due to a number of factors, including pesticides, habitat loss and diseases.  Neonicotinoids contain synthetic chemicals similar to nicotine, which as a plant toxin is damaging to insects.  In the UK, the government has temporarily lifted a ban on neonicotinoid pesticides in parts of England.  Two neonicotinoid pesticides can be used in four counties on oilseed rape crops following an emergency application by the National Farmers Union.

(Source BBC NEWS 18.11.15)

Articles

Double click to edit the text.

http://dargbees.org.uk/page14.html
Neonicotinoids - Bees and the Environment

There is some very interesting information on bee and environmental health in a new  magazine BEENOW 2015.  

This is published by Bayer so it might be considered propaganda for the agri-chemical industry.  However it is very well presented,  wide ranging and very detailed about the condition of bee species, and honeybees in particular, worldwide. Varroa articles are very interesting.

CLICK FOR THE BEENOW  magazine 

CHRIS UTTING’S SUBMITTED ARTICLE FROM THE BBC 

Scientists say they have found the "missing link" in the debate over the risk of pesticides to bees.

French researchers say neonicotinoid pesticides harm individual honeybees, but whole colonies are able to recover in the wild.

This accounts for discrepancies between lab and field studies, they report in the Royal Society journal Proceedings. 

A Europe-wide ban on neonicotinoid use on flowering crops is due to be reviewed at the end of the year.  It was introduced two years ago.

The population inside the hive was able to compensate for the increased loss of worker honeybees by increasing brood production Dr Mickael Henry , INRA, Avignon. 

The debate over the use of neonics has centred on discrepancies between toxicity assessments in the laboratory, where bees are dosed artificially with insecticide, and the findings of field trials in the countryside. 

The big unanswered question is whether harmful effects seen in lab studies occur in real-life conditions and cause population declines. 

The new research provides an explanation for the "missing link", say French researchers.  Their monitoring of tagged honeybees in the wild suggests bees foraging around treated crops die off at a faster rate than normal.  However, colonies are able to make up for those dying off by boosting the number of worker bees in the hive.  

Lead researcher Dr Mickael Henry of the French National Institute for Agricultural Research, INRA, in Avignon, said the average life expectancy for an individual honeybee foraging on crops treated with neonics is lower than expected.  

He told BBC News: "We could find evidence of troubles at the individual scale in the field but these troubles were compensated for by the colonies.  "The population inside the hive was able to compensate for the increased loss of worker honeybees by increasing brood production."  

A field study found harmful effects on the solitary bee.

The decline of bees around the world has increased focus on neonicotinoid chemicals.  Dr Scott Hayward of the University of Birmingham, who was not connected with the study, said the work "re-ignites arguments to ban neonics", and similar studies are now needed on other pollinator species.

His comments were echoed by Dr Christopher Connolly of the University of Dundee. 

"It is important to remember that all other insect pollinators do not possess the enormous buffering capacity of honeybees and are therefore more acutely at risk to the impact of pesticides," he said.

Dr Peter Campbell of the pesticide manufacturer Syngenta said while the study raised unanswered questions "reassuringly... there were still no effects reported at the colony level".

And Dr Alan Dewar of Dewar Crop Protection Ltd, added: "The conclusions from this work, which are very simple in contrast to the study itself, show that bees, or at least honey bees, can compensate for adverse effects of pesticides in their environment."

Emergency lifting of ban

Bees are in decline in Europe and North America due to a number of factors, including pesticides, habitat loss and diseases.  Neonicotinoids contain synthetic chemicals similar to nicotine, which as a plant toxin is damaging to insects.  In the UK, the government has temporarily lifted a ban on neonicotinoid pesticides in parts of England.  Two neonicotinoid pesticides can be used in four counties on oilseed rape crops following an emergency application by the National Farmers Union.

(Source BBC NEWS 18.11.15)